Nominative case (Nominativ)

Understanding Kasus in German

In German, Kasus denotes the grammatical case of a noun, pronoun, or article, which translates to “case” in English. There are four main cases: Nominativ (nominative), Genitiv (genitive), Dativ (dative), and Akkusativ (accusative). Each case serves a specific purpose in a sentence, indicating the role of a noun or pronoun.

Nominativ (Nominative Case)

The Nominativ case is often the starting point for learners of German. It’s the case used for the subject of a sentence, the noun or pronoun that performs the action of the verb. Here’s a simple breakdown:

Example Sentence (English)Example Sentence (German)German
The cat sleeps.Die Katze schläft.
I drink coffee.Ich trinke Kaffee.Ich
We play football.Wir spielen Fußball.Wir
She sings a song.Sie singt ein Lied.Sie
The students study.Die Studenten studieren.Die Studenten
The book is interesting.Das Buch ist interessant.Das Buch

In each example, the noun or pronoun performing the action (subject) is in the Nominative case.

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