Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns in German are for indicating ownership or possession. They’re quite straightforward once you get the hang of them. Here’s a breakdown of possessive pronouns in German:

PronounsPossessive pronouns
ichmein
dudein
ersein
sieihr
essein
wirunser
ihreuer
sieihr
SieIhr (always I cappital)

Possessive pronouns in German change based on gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and number (singular, plural) of the nouns they refer to. Here’s a general overview in the nominative case:

ichduer/essiewirihrsieSie
dermeindeinseinihrunsereuerihrIhr
diemeinedeineseineihreunsereeuereihreIhre
dasmeindeinseinihrunsereuerihrIhr
die(Plural)meinedeineseineihreunsereeuereihreIhre

mein Buch: “Buch” is neuter (das Buch), so “mein” is used.
deine Katze: “Katze” is feminine (die Katze), so “deine” is used.
sein Hund: “Hund” is masculine (der Hund), so “sein” is used.
unsere Bücher: “Bücher” is plural (die Bücher), so “unsere” is used.

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